Gynecomastia is known as breast enlargement in men. Gynecomastia, known as swelling or enlargement of breast tissue in men, can be treated with advanced surgical techniques. As it can be aesthetically uncomfortable, it is also a health problem that must be examined. In Joncomastia, there is a palpable lump in the breast in most cases.
Why does gynecomastia occur, and causes breast enlargement in men?
Hormone imbalance causes gynecomastia. The imbalance between female and male hormones is manifested by swelling or enlargement of the breast in the male body. Excessive secretion of estrogen known as the female hormone found in small amounts in men causes gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia is manifested by symptoms such as pain, swelling, sensitivity in the breasts, and fluid coming from the nipples. Muaneye must be done by a specialist physician and must be detected by USG.
What are the types and causes of gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia, which is characterized by breast enlargement in men, manifests itself in 3 types. In the first type of gynecomastia, there is a slight swelling in the breast. The second type of gynecomastia is manifested by swelling in the milk glands. In the first and second types of breast growth, swelling can be removed using liposuction operations. With a technique developed with Vaser liposuction, the fat tissues in the breasts are melted with the help of sound waves and removed from the body.
Among the gynecomastia types, significant swelling and growth are observed in the breast tissue in type 3 cases. The best method for this type of breast enlargement treatment is surgery. Gynecomastia surgery is an operation that requires a one-day stay in the hospital for control purposes, performed under local anesthesia, and does not leave a permanent scar. As long as there are no processes such as rapid weight gain and loss after the operation, the operation is permanently effective and the breasts do not grow.
Gynecomastia is a hormonal disorder. The causes of this hormonal disorder can be:
- Eating disorders,
- Some medications
- Some chronic diseases, especially liver diseases,
- Drugs and alcohol
At what age does gynecomastia occur? Who are suitable for gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia can develop depending on the birth. The reason for this is the estrogen hormone from the mother. Swelling in the breast due to birth resolves within a few weeks. Gynecomastia can also be seen naturally in adolescence in men, due to hormonal changes in the body. Gynecomastia that occurs in adolescence disappears in 6 months or 2 years as the adolescents complete their development. The most dangerous age range of breast growth for men is 50 to 80. Since the age of 50, the risk of gynecomastia increases in men.
Gynecomastia is a high risk group of adolescents. Usually it does not require treatment and resolves spontaneously. Its incidence is increasing, especially in men with liver disease and athletes using androgens. The first and second types of gynecomastia in adult men can usually be treated with fat removal. Adult men with a third type of gynecomastia are eligible for gynecomastia surgery.
While evaluating gynecomastia surgery;
- It is examined whether the hard breast tissue is surgically removed, and gynecomastia surgery comes to the fore when the hard breast tissue needs to be surgically removed.
- Fat removal operation is sufficient in cases with excess adipose tissue, liposuction and gynecomastia can be applied together in cases where fat and glandular tissue are excessive.